New ISO standards for cleanrooms aim to give professionals a common set of references for their work in these environments. However, issues remain that require owners and engineers to tread carefully when entering into contracts. Furthermore, while one result of ISO Standard 14644 is to simplify design on an international scale, its use of the metric system requires adjustment for many in the U.S. By Joanna Turpin
Sovereign status allowed smoking in this casino, but the smoke wasn't making the atmosphere appealing to patrons. The Oneida Indian Nation management decided to improve the setting by taking the under - underfloor ventilation, that is. By Joanna R. Turpin
With a kickstart from the military, momentum is building as a new wave of products become more able with less cable. See how the technology can improve monitoring, how some sensors "organize themselves" to function best, and what's being done to help various wireless equipment function together. By Joanna R. Turpin
Way back at the end of the last century, ARI embarked on a new research journey toward long-term innovation. Today, the buzz around 21CR is encouraging, thanks to recent work in areas like continuous commissioning, underfloor air, and chilled water system design. The target: to see light years of progress in a decade or two. By Joanna Turpin
What if they updated a makeup air standard and nobody noticed? Well, the manufacturers certainly noticed when an ANSI revision meant additional work, expense, and testing to market their equipment. Awareness is not quite so uniform on the designing and inspection side, according to some. Here’s the scoop on the latest changes, the real-world challenges, and the effects of both. By Joanna Turpin
Leaning on experience and data from various K-12 cities and projects, the author pursues some less conventional design approaches. They may revolve around radiant heating and/or cooling, but depending on school size and other factors, the smart use of heat recovery, DOAS, and improved central plants could also put a project on the HVAC honor roll.