A smoke and fire building control system performs two main functions. The first is protecting the building occupants and property. The second is providing fire-fighting controls used by firefighters. Using ventilation and containment principles well can get the job done.
That venerable bastion of American security is undergoing a 20-year, $1.2 billion renovation that will essentially take the 6.5 million-sq-ft building down to the slab and columns before it is rebuilt.
An atrium presents special ventilation concerns. When it comes to getting professional feedback, consider not only whom to ask, but how you phrase the question. In at least one case, this process led to a finished design going up in smoke.
Leaning on experience and data from various K-12 cities and projects, the author pursues some less conventional design approaches. They may revolve around radiant heating and/or cooling, but depending on school size and other factors, the smart use of heat recovery, DOAS, and improved central plants could also put a project on the HVAC honor roll.