Energy systems, referred to in the announcement as the energy supply chain, are defined as those technologies and systems, located on or near the chemical plant, that produce and/or transport energy (electrical, thermal, mechanical) to the process, and/or recycle waste energy streams resulting from the chemical process. The energy supply chain in this announcement excludes the chemical process itself. Technology areas to be addressed include a) energy conversion; b) energy recovery; and c) crosscutting/systems applications. DOE is not looking to make small incremental changes to existing equipment options or components, but is looking for breakthrough approaches, which affect plant systems and can measurably affect plant energy use.
Energy conversion system projects awarded from this announcement are expected to significantly advance/integrate the state of the art in technologies such as direct and indirect fired heaters, heat exchange systems, chillers, furnaces, compressed air systems, pumps, and others. Energy recovery systems projects are expected to advance/integrate technologies in the area of waste heat recovery and upgrade systems, separation and recovery of waste products and emissions with fuel or feedstock value, as well as technologies that allow a more robust handling of corrosive/polluted waste streams to allow energy recycle.