The larger or more complex a cooling plant becomes, the more challenges to its ef-ficiency it will face. When applied wisely, modern controls and equipment can rise to meet those challenges. Read up on active balancing, pump dynamic differential setpoint control, and more responsive tactics for when the worst thing you can do is just go with the flow.
Clarify the difference between pressure dependent and pressure independent systems, and then make a deep dive into this TAB process. There’s a lot of science involved, but in the end, steering and tweaking the process may seem more like an art.
So many areas where a little forethought and awareness can avoid larger problems — sizing, velocity, piping and connections, double trapping, condensate return, proper pressure, blowdown tanks, and more. Read on for some good habits and why they’re worth having.
When designing or replacing a low pressure steam boiler, throw out everything you know about hydronic boilers. A steam system is closer in operation to an air conditioning unit than it is to a hydronic boiler. If you design a steam system using hydronic design methods, it will not operate properly.
Look at not only some nearly automatic benefits-in-waiting for your average hospital boiler retrofit, but also at some ideas for what to do if there isn’t budget for a full replacement. Meanwhile, a short laundry list of hospital-specific boiler considerations actually includes the laundry (but not how you might expect).
Many engineers tend to avoid or delegate the nitty gritty of a ground source heat pump system, from soil moisture effects to building system (im) balance. It's time for designers to get in the loop. Learn more about Grounded In Reality in the December issue. Other topics in the December issue include health care HVAC, Boilders, check out the Back2Basics, and more.