Butler is principal and general manager of engineering for IPS. He has more than 24 years of experience in facility design, construction, and operations, and his ex-pertise is in the engineering and leadership of large, technically complex, engineering-intensive facilities._His expertise is in the engineering and leadership of large, technically complex, engineering-intensive facilities. In addition, he is presently a member of ISPE’s Baseline Guide for Laboratories committee and has written and collaborated on several chapters for the new guideline.
One steam is clean. Another steam is chemical-free. Are they interchangeable? And what effects do pharmaceutical manufacturing best practices and regulations have on the usual humidification specification process? Let this brief but specific article be your prescription for wiser design.
Leaning on experience and data from various K-12 cities and projects, the author pursues some less conventional design approaches. They may revolve around radiant heating and/or cooling, but depending on school size and other factors, the smart use of heat recovery, DOAS, and improved central plants could also put a project on the HVAC honor roll.