A courthouse's acoustical needs are second perhaps only to a concert hall. Furthermore, specialized spaces and biosafety concerns compel a careful zoning approach for ventilation and life safety. Consider this brief outlining the evidence in support of airside economizers and VAV. Moreover, you be the judge of which tools - from attenuators to floating floors and flexible connectors - can prevent a trial-and-error approach for future courthouse projects.
Leaning on experience and data from various K-12 cities and projects, the author pursues some less conventional design approaches. They may revolve around radiant heating and/or cooling, but depending on school size and other factors, the smart use of heat recovery, DOAS, and improved central plants could also put a project on the HVAC honor roll.