The building envelope and mechanical system can interact to either master potential humidity problems or encourage them. However, an integrated commissioning approach can pre-empt many pitfalls before they propagate. By John F. McCarthy, Sc.D., C.I.H.
A few safety initiatives regarding other water and piping issues have left thermal expansion as a potentially disastrous problem that designers must still address. Learn about the first signs of trouble, and take a look at the potential of thermal expansion tanks. By Jim Fuller and
When an Ontario medical center shifted to a new humidification system, it helped protect the health of patients, especially those most vulnerable to complications. Subsequent reductions in energy usage and related infrastructure improvements have made the retrofit all the more welcome. By Drew Robb
They're rarely in the spotlight, but cooling towers house multiple, often overlooked chances to reduce the bottom line. From initial design to renovation options, a little forethought can lift efficiency to new heights. By Joanna R. Turpin
Following a self-balancing concept that centers around a moving neutral point, an underrated "loop" design leaves a large pharmaceutical facility's chilled water system retrofit awash in success. By John Zhang, P.E. and Ti Liu, P.E.
Situated on an 18-acre site about seven miles from the main Montana State University-Billings campus, the MSU-Billings College of Technology includes more than 110,000 sq ft of classroom, laboratory, and
Located in the heart of the Los Angeles distribution district, Konoike Pacific (K-Pac) California (Osaka, Japan) is the newest and largest technically advanced cold storage and distribution facility on the
Retrieving every last bit of performance from the system while stopping short of the surge line is no small feat. Dig into sizing, tower selection, chilled water loads and stability, and condenser water management to leave no efficiency stone unturned. Read more in April issue