An underground building made to withstand Cold War fears presents a special retrofit case. And replacing hvac, domestic water, and fire/smoke
systems in such a facility with no interruption is positively daunting. By Jeffrey K. Conner, P.E.,
T. Chad Luning, P.E.,
and Laurence E. Steiner, P.E.
The anticipation surrounding the construction of a major new school facility is often tempered with concerns about long-term operating costs, particularly recently due to rapidly increasing utility costs. In Northville,
Budgetary restraints were challenging, but they didn't foil attempts by engineers, architects, and contractors to construct a state-of-the-art natatorium for Mainland Regional High School in the Atlantic City, NJ, suburb