How often does an existing closed loop hot water heating or chilled water cooling system get reused as part of a building renovation project, and/or used to expand the area served by the system coverage to provide additional heating or air conditioning?
The larger or more complex a cooling plant becomes, the more challenges to its ef-ficiency it will face. When applied wisely, modern controls and equipment can rise to meet those challenges. Read up on active balancing, pump dynamic differential setpoint control, and more responsive tactics for when the worst thing you can do is just go with the flow.
Clarify the difference between pressure dependent and pressure independent systems, and then make a deep dive into this TAB process. There’s a lot of science involved, but in the end, steering and tweaking the process may seem more like an art.
So many areas where a little forethought and awareness can avoid larger problems — sizing, velocity, piping and connections, double trapping, condensate return, proper pressure, blowdown tanks, and more. Read on for some good habits and why they’re worth having.
When designing or replacing a low pressure steam boiler, throw out everything you know about hydronic boilers. A steam system is closer in operation to an air conditioning unit than it is to a hydronic boiler. If you design a steam system using hydronic design methods, it will not operate properly.
Look at not only some nearly automatic benefits-in-waiting for your average hospital boiler retrofit, but also at some ideas for what to do if there isn’t budget for a full replacement. Meanwhile, a short laundry list of hospital-specific boiler considerations actually includes the laundry (but not how you might expect).